What is Hair loss in Women?
Hair loss is a problem that ravages males as well as females. However, our society being such, male baldness is accepted by all, while female baldness is always looked down upon. For the same reasons, when females start losing hair, there arises a crease of worry on their smooth foreheads. However, before moving on with the topic, let us all first understand what comprises of hair fall in women.
Looking at an objective point of view, a daily hair fall of around 50 to 100 hair strands is considered normal. However, if you feel that the hair fall has increased to more than 100 strands a day, you are definitely suffering from the problem of excessive hair fall. The hair may come out in bunches or may be found strewn all over your living areas – these are clear indication of the problem of hair fall ravaging your scalp.
Quick Facts About Female Hair Loss:
- Female hair loss may begin at any age through 50 or later.
- Female pattern baldness may begin as early as puberty.
- Hair loss occurs when the daily hair loss exceeds 100 hairs.
- Women tend to have less patterns of hair loss than men, and this (non-pattern) types of hair loss are more frequent in women than in men.
- Poor nutrition might cause hair loss.
- Some medication or surgery may also cause hair loss.
- Blood tests can help to find out if the hair loss is caused by a medical condition.
- Many causes of female hair loss are temporary.
- Androgenetic alopecia affects roughly 50% of men and perhaps as many women over the age of 40.
- hair loss can be genetic.
- Hormonal changes are a common cause of female hair loss.
Causes of hair loss in women?
Hair fall in women can be caused by various causatives. While some causatives have a temporary effect, other might turn permanent if not treated on time. Usually, hair fall is considered to be the indirect symptom of what is going wrong in the body. Hence, understanding the issue of hair fall and the different causes leading to it become of vital importance when working on solving the problem.
Hair fall is often described in medical terms by the name of Alopecia. Now Alopecia can be of many different types, differentiated on the basis of the cause. Some of these causes are describes below:
- Androgenetic alopecia – also known as the female-pattern-baldness, Androgenetic alopecia occurs when the male hormone, testosterone, which is also present in the female body, rises in extent. While testosterone is the main culprit, in actuality, it is a derivative of testosterone, (Dihydrotestosterone (DHT)), which reacts with the hair follicles, making them shrinks in size. This indirectly affects the quality of the hair strand growing out of the follicle. As the hair follicle shrinks further on, the hair also thins out. At the most extensive phase, the hair follicle shrinks to such an extent, that no more hair can grow further. This leads to excessive hair fall and appearance of bald patches in the scalp. Mainly androgenic in nature, Androgenetic Alopecia is caused by an imbalance in the body hormones. Therefore, some of the situations where this type of alopecia can set are ovarian cysts, intake of high androgen index birth control pills, pregnancy and menopause.
- Telogen Effluvium – This type of hair fall occurs when the body undergoes severe trauma. It might be because of a disease, malnourishment, child birth, sever infection, major surgery, stress or accident – any of these above mentioned factors may lead to a traumatized body. Most of the hairs on our scalp are in a growth phase. Once the growth stops, the hair falls out, paving way to a new hair. In cases of trauma, the body shuts down upon the hair growth phenomenon of the body. Thus, as time passes, this break in the growth of hair starts showing up, as the old hair fall off all of a sudden. However, this is a temporary phase and once the growth resumes, new hair will automatically start growing and fill in those bald patches on your head!
- Anagen Effluvium – when the hair follicle experiences extreme damage in terms of its cell multiplication, this type of hair fall condition sets in. Usually, chemotherapy results in inhibiting the hair cell multiplication process, along with inhibiting the cancer cell multiplication. Thus, the new hair growth gets hindered and the old hair fall off.
- Traction alopecia – as the name suggests, any localized trauma on the hair root or follicle results in damaging the hair follicle. When the hair strands are kept in one particular style for a long time, which is pulling onto the scalp, the hair follicles experience a trauma. This type of damage is temporary and can be cured once recognized.
- Oral and hormonal Contraceptives – at times, oral and hormonal contraceptives like pills, Progestin Implants, Hormone Injections, Skin Patch, Vaginal Ring etc result in the setting of hair fall. Since these all the above contraceptives aim at reducing the ovulation by manipulating the hormones and hormonal levels, those who are sensitive to even minor hormonal changes, should always take great care when applying for them.
All the above mentioned factors and causatives and the type of alopecia caused by them are medically treatable when detected in early stages. However, it is extremely important that right treatment be administered for the right causative. Hence, make sure your doctor runs comprehensive tests in order to make sure what the underlying cause is for the hair fall.
While many doctors do not consider hair fall as a problem and are hesitant to prescribing apt drugs for treating the issue, hair fall and hair thinning in females can lead to a lot of psychological problems in return. Therefore, proper treatment should be administered and guidance provided to women suffering from hair fall and baldness.