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How to get rid of dandruff


Hair fall is a problem faced by many all across the globe. As stressful as it might get, hair fall is one of the major causes for depression amongst many people. Affecting thousands of them every year, hair fall and baldness is caused due to several problems.

While these problems vary in size and magnitude, one of the most major and common of these causatives causing hair loss and baldness happens to be Dandruff. Do we see you relating to your problem of hair loss with this cause? Then read on for a more detailed knowledge on what dandruff is all about and how it affects your scalp leading to hair fall.

Dandruff is also known by several different names like scurf, or Pityriasis Captis. It is a condition where the scalp experiences excessive shedding of dead skin, which accumulates near the hair roots and follicles. While some of this dead skin comes out in the form of flakes and tend to fall off, which we often see as dandruff, other remains back and start forming scales like formation on the scalp. Dandruff is usually accompanied by itching, redness, irritation or a huge amount of hair fall. While being a disease in itself, dandruff may also be a byproduct of problems like seborrhoeic dermatitis, psoriasis, fungal infection or head lice. Whichever be the reason, dandruff does lead to many self esteem issues amongst young and old.


While there are many causative leading towards Dandruff, almost all affect the hair equally.

In normal course, the epidermal layer in the scalp replaces itself, just like anywhere else in the body. This result in the old epidermal layer being pushed outwards, which leads to the death of these old cells, which then make flake like formations and fall off. However, at times, certain causes or triggers may lead to a rapidisation of the above described process and the number of dead cells and skin tissue increases by manifold. Normally, it takes the skin to mature and die in about a month.

However, in people suffering from Dandruff, this time duration decreases to two to seven days only. Hence a huge amount of skin is released in huge oily clumps that give the skin of the scalp and grayish tinge with white patches. The dead skin also starts appearing on the clothes, shoulders and every other place that comes in direct contact with the scalp. The higher these patches and grains of dandruff, the higher is the magnitude of the problem.

Usually, dandruff results from
– Oily skin or sebaceous secretions
– By-products of skin microorganisms metabolizing in the skin
– Individual body make-up and susceptibility
– Faulty life style
– Bad metabolism
– Unhygienic hair condition
– Synthetic hair shampoos
– Improper maintenance of hairs
– Due to Stress and tensions
– Poor blood circulation in the scalp region
– Using common hair brushes and combs
– Indigestion and constipation

At times, fungal infections, allergic reactions to gels or medications, climate, food, stress, Seborrheic dermatitis and other such issues might also lead to the setting of dandruff on our scalps. Sometimes, seasonal changes, stress, and immuno-suppression also happen to be a few other causatives leading to dandruff and its effects on our scalp.


Many types of dandruff causatives can be effectively treated with the help of dandruff-specific shampoos and hair oils. Some of the most common of these are Head & Shoulders, Clinic All Clear, Pantene Pro V, Shikakai Powder, Nizoral, or Fungoral, Selsun Blue, Vichy Dercos Anti-Dandruff shampoo, Neutrogena T/Gel etc. Basically, it is the ingredients that the above mentioned products inherit which make them quite effective in fighting dandruff. Some of these major ingredients are Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), Zinc pyrithione, Ketoconazole, Selenium sulfide, Tea tree oil, Tar, Piroctone olamine (Octopirox) etc.

While the above mentioned were some of the allopathic and scientific remedies for treating dandruff, some natural ways of treating dandruff happen to be as under:
1) Eating fruits and vegetable
2) Applying the paste of fenugreek seeds and washing the paste off with ritha.
3) Messaging the scalp with neem oil
4) Applying a paste of egg whites and lemon juice on the scalp.
5) Applying a mix of olive oil and almond oil onto the scalp.
6) Applying a paste of amala and bhringraj to the scalp.
7) Applying coconut oil.

While there are many more ways to treating dandruff, the ones mentioned above are some of the most accurate and sure shot formulas. However, depending on your condition, the effect of the above might vary.

Side-effects of Dandruff

Dandruff results in hair loss and damage to hair. The reason is that when the dead skin is unable to fall off, it accumulates at the roots and follicles on the scalp covering the whole scalp with a layer of dead skin cells.

Thus, the scalp is unable to absorb required nutrients and minerals from the environment. Further, dandruff also constricts the reach of required scalp oils to the roots of the hair, damaging them in turn. All these above mentioned problems result in the hair becoming weak and falling off in the end.

However, a completely treatable problem, dandruff is nothing to be afraid of. Once dandruff is treated successfully, the problem of hair loss too can be resolved.

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